Selecting the Optimization Engine
Four optimization engines come standard with Analytica Optimizer:
- LP/Quadratic - uses a dual simplex method combined with branch-and bound for mixed-integer constraints, with a variety of integer cut-set procedures. This is generally the engine of choice for LPs and mixed-integer LPs. For hard mixed-integer LPs, however, the Evolutionary engine uses a very different approach and might be worth trying.
- SOCP Barrier - uses interior point methods designed specifically for quadratically constrained convex problems. The GRG Nonlinear engine is often a good alternative for the type of problem, especially if the constraints end up being non-convex.
- GRG Nonlinear - The Generalized Reduced Gradient solver is suitable for smooth non-linear problems. If gradients and Jacobians can be analytically determined, the speed of this method will be dramatically faster.
- Evolutionary - Best suited for non-smooth problems the evolutionary engine creates a population of potential solutions and keeps the best ones.. By default, the Evolutionary engine does not use gradient information. However, if the LocalSearch setting is on, then it optimizes sample points before adding them to the population using various techniques including gradient-based search.
The following matrix shows engine compatibility for each problem type:
LP/Quadratic SOCP Barrier GRG Nonlinear Evolutionary LP Linear Program * * * * QP Quadratic Program (linearly constrained) * * * * QCP Quadratically Constrained Program * * * CQCP Convex QCP * * * NCQCP Non-Convex QCP * * NLP Non-Linear Program (smooth) * * NSP Non-Smooth Program * *
If you have purchased other add-on engines, other options might also be available to you. You can obtain a full list of installed engines and the problem types supported by each by evaluating the following Analytica expression.
To explicitly select the engine to be used, include the «Engine» parameter to DefineOptimization.
Engine: Optional Text
DefineOptimization(..., Engine: "Evolutionary")
If you do not specify the engine, Analytica selects an appropriate engine based on the properties of the problem that you specified. However, if the engine does not perform satisfactorily on that problem, you might obtain better results with a different engine.
To determine what engine is actually used on a problem, evaluate this Analytica expression.
Opt is the object returned by DefineOptimization().
- You may not know whether your QCP is convex when you formulate it, and DefineOptimization’s quadratic analysis does not determine convexity. Testing for convexity can be more computationally intensive than solving the problem, so if you think SOCP Barrier is the preferred engine, you can attempt to solve it using SOCP Barrier. During the solution, it may succeed, or it may detect the non-convexity and terminate without a feasible solution. Always check OptStatusText().
- Optimization engine settings
- Using a Solver Add-on Engine
- Using SetContext to efficiently solve NLPs
- Expression Assist