# Faddeeva

## Faddeeva(z)

Computes the Faddeeva function, or Kramp function, which is a function on the complex numbers involving an integral of $ e^{t^2} $, making it closely related to the Dawson and Erf functions. The real and imaginary parts are called the Voigt functions or *Voigt profiles*. The function is scaled by $ e^{-z^2} $, which gives it favorable numeric properties that help to avoid numeric overflow.

The **Faddeeva** function is given by

- $ w(z) = e^{-z^2} \left( 1 - { 2 \over\sqrt{-\pi}} \int_0^z e^{t^2} dt \right) $

where «z» is a complex number, as is $ \sqrt(-\pi) $.

This is mathematically equivalent to the expression

`Exp(-z^2) * (1 - Erf(-1j*z))`

which reveals its relationship to the Erf function; however, when using the expression based on Erf, extremely large values that overflow the largest numeric values that can be represented in Analytica will occur quickly as «z» obtains even moderate size. In these cases, the **Faddeeva** can sometimes be utilized to avoid numeric overflow. The Dawson function is used for similar reasons in similar situations (and the Dawson function is usually easier to apply, especially if you are dealing with real-valued problems).

## History

Introduced in Analytica 5.0.

Enable comment auto-refresher