Drawing images

New in Analytica 5.0

Drawing images

The canvas functions are used to draw your own images, so called because the names of all the drawing functions start with Canvas. In an expression, you can draw lines, rectangles, ellipses, text, and other images to the canvas, and then once you've finished drawing, create an image from your canvas that can then be displayed, either in the cells of a result table, or on a diagram by assigning it to a Pict attribute (usually of a Picture node).

You create an image by creating a canvas using the Canvas() function, drawing to that canvas, and finally producing an image from the canvas using CanvasImage(). For example:

Var c := Canvas(201,201);
{ Some drawing }
Index n := Sequence(0,200,20);
CanvasDrawLine(c, n,0, n,200, dash:'Dot', color:'Gray' ); 
CanvasDrawLine(c, 0,n, 200,n, dash:'Dot', color:'Gray' );
CanvasDrawEllipse(c, 59,59,40,40,fillColor:'Orange');
CanvasDrawRectangle(c, 1,1,70,70);
CanvasDrawEllipse(c, 120,50,70,50, startAngle:135, sweepAngle:270, pie:true );
CanvasDrawText(c, 'Canvas', 100, 130, font:'Comic Sans MS', size:40, hAlign:'Center', color:'DarkGreen');
{ Create an image from the canvas }
CanvasImage( c )

The result is:

DrawingImages example1.png


A canvas context is used to create a clipping region or to alter the coordinate system by scaling, shifting, or rotating. A canvas context is obtained from the CanvasContext function. After obtaining a context, you can draw to the context as you would a canvas.

Var c0 := Canvas(120,120);
Var c := CanvasContext(c0, shiftx:70,shifty:70, scalex:1.5, scaley:150, rot:10,rotx:150,roty:50, clip:[-25,-0.25,50,0.5]); 
CanvasDrawRectangle(c,-25,-0.25,50,0.5, lineWidth:2, dash:'Dot' );
CanvasDrawEllipse(c,-15,-0.35,30,0.7, fillColor:0x50eecc11, lineColor:'Green');
DrawingImages context.png

See Also


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